It has been accepted that 1 out of every 500 people in India. put up with Venous leg ulcers. In spite of the fact, they became much common with age. It is roughly calculated that each 1 in 50 people over the age of 80 years is tolerating venous leg ulcers.
The general public is not having awareness about it:
What are Venous Leg ulcers and its manifestation?
A venous leg ulcer is a gash on the leg or ankle, It is an enduring awful inflammation which takes more than two weeks minimal to be cured. Generally, it develops on the internal lump of a leg or just above the ankle. If you are going through venous leg ulcer so, you will undergo with many symptoms of it on the affected area some of them are: pain, itching, swollen ankle (oedema), desensitize skin around the ulcer and lesion may produce foul-smelling discharge, heavy feeling in legs, redness.
What is the root cause of venous leg ulcers?
The root cause of venous leg ulcers is abnormal vein function and persistently high pressure in the veins. It takes place when there is a disturbance in veins most commonly near the ankle. The veins usually send blood back to the heart and valves flows blood to the veins and circulates in the entire body, might be these veins are not sending the blood back to the heart and the veins are not working accurately so, this backflow of blood creates increased compulsion at the end of leg and leads to venous leg ulcer. Frequently they occur on the end part of your leg such as your ankle.
How to avert venous leg ulcers?
There are several ways to put a stop on venous leg ulcer, some of them are wearing comprehension stay-ups/stockings, losing weight if you are overweight, work out regularly, lift up your legs if feasible, put a full stop on smoking if you smoke, eat healthily. If you had already met up with venous leg ulcer so, you are at the highest possibility of having it again, you had to take care of this as these preventions may help you to prevent it to happen again. As comprehension stockings are designed especially for pressing your legs, ameliorate your blood circulation and the blood will be circulated upward to the heart, remove the stockings when you are on the bed to sleep. Overweight is one of the reasons for high pressure in veins, which can lead to the destruction of your skin
How is it treated?
For treating venous leg ulcers first of all one can lift their legs up to the level of your heart you can use the pillow to do so. Wearing the comprehension stockings which prevents pooling of blood and helps to make the flow of blood towards the heart. One must do some work out such as go for a walk as walking helps your body to circulate the blood. And if your ulcer is not healed by these measures so you should consult your doctor who may offer you other treatments for this, such as medication for early recovery, skin grafting if needed when the wound is deep or the vein surgery which may stop those ulcers for coming back. The most prescribed medicines are Diuretics (these helps to draw out extra fluid from the body), Pentoxifylline ( this may help to upgrade your blood flow) and Anticoagulants ( this helps you out to make your blood thin).
Reimbursement of venous leg ulcers?
According to the patient’s analysis, one must be doing compression therapy along with the prescribed medication and if it does not work then perforators or varicose veins are treated and considered sclerotherapy or phlebectomy if suitable Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) or Endovenous laser ablation (EVLA) can be a measure for treating the veins with early recovery
Can venous leg ulcers cause death?
Yes! Venous leg ulcers may cause death if not examined and treated effectually. The management should regularly examine the patients who are at risk because if the treatment is not effective it becomes exceedingly painful and leads to cellulitis, osteomyelitis and even death.
What are the risk factors?
Venous leg ulcer happens with some people but not with others in some cases the risk factor for this includes older age, previous leg injuries, Deep venous thrombosis and some of the people who are in an occupation where there is standing of long periods at the same place such as teachers, flight attendants, pharmacist, those who wear tight clothing which had an adverse effect on blood circulation, the pregnant women although in case of pregnancy it is temporary. It is roughly calculated that up to 40% of all pregnant women develop varicose veins. And those who are overweighted, overweight leads to high blood pressure and the heart work faster which means more blood in the body which may pool in the lower legs.
What are the dressing guidelines?
There are several dressing advised by the physician such as :
- Foam dressing: This type of dressing encourages a slightly wet wound environment and easy comfort in all shapes and dimensions.
- Anti: Microbial dressing: This type of dressing acts at multiple sites within Microbial cells, thus reducing the prospect of bacteria evolving resistance.
- Alginate dressing: This dressing involves the substances extracted from the cell wall of Brown seaweeds they can be in the form of freeze-dried porous sheets.
- Hydrocolloid dressing: This type of dressing is wafer type dressing accommodate Gelfoaming agents in adhering compound coated on a flexible water-resistant outer sheet.
Who suffers venous leg ulcers?
It has been roughly calculated around 1 in every 50 people above the age of 80 years suffer from venous leg ulcers. The one who had been foregoing the deep vein thrombosis (DVT) or it’s hard for them to walk because of any reason such as leg injury may suffer venous leg ulcers.
Did there are other types of leg ulcers?
Yes there are many other types of leg ulcers and some of them are mentioned here:
- Arterial leg ulcer: They are caused by poor delivery of nutrient-rich blood.
- Diabetic leg ulcer: This type of ulcer happens to the one who has diabetes in the body.
- Vasculitic leg ulcer: This type of ulcer is caused by the inflammation of blood vessels.
Want to consult a doctor regarding Venous Leg Ulcers?