Foot ulcers are ordinary issue of badly treated diabetes creating as a consequence of skin tissue disturbance and revealing the coating beneath. Most usually these ulcers occur at the lower part of your big toes and on the balls of your feet which can influencers your feet down till the bones. If you are having diabetes so you must have the following knowledge about diabetic foot ulcer:
• What is Diabetic foot ulcer?
• Why people who are having diabetes more likely to have foot ulcer?
• What are the risk factors for diabetic foot ulcer?
• How you can prevent diabetic foot ulcer?
• What are the symptoms of diabetic foot ulcer?
• What are the causes of diabetic foot ulcer?
• How diabetic foot ulcer is treated?
What is diabetic foot ulcer?
Diabetic foot ulcer refers to an open painful wound which happens in roughly 15 percent of cases who suffer diabetes and usually discovered on the lowest part of the foot. 6 percent out of all the patients who are having diabetic foot ulcer are hospitalized because of infection or other ulcer related problems. Foot ulcers can be happen to anyone, and these ulcers mention a blotch of smashed down skin normally on the lower leg or feet. When the blood sugar levels increases or differ usually skin which would commonly heal may not accordingly fix up itself because of nerve damage. Even a lenient bruise can consequently leads to a foot ulcer in diabetic patients.
Why people who are having diabetes more likely to have foot ulcer?
Patients who are having diabetes may have lessen nerve functioning because of peripheral diabetic neuropathy. Which mean that nerves which generally convey pain commotion till the brain from the feet which does not work as all right and it is feasible for destruction to take place on your foot. Without being felt. Walking somewhere, tiring rigid shoes, cuts, blisters and bruises all of these can grow into diabetic foot ulcers. Tapered arteries can also lessen the blood flow to the feet out of some people who are having diabetes and this can diminish the foot’s potential to cure accordingly. When the foot could not cure it itself it leads to a foot ulcer.
What are the risk factors for diabetic foot ulcer?
There can be many reasons which increases the risk factors for diabetic foot ulcer:
• Poor blood circulation
• Inadequate well controlled diabetes
• Wearying footwear which are not suitable
• Walking shoeless
People who are having diabetes from a prolonged period or they can not cope up with diabetes effectively are more at the risk of developing foot ulcer. Smoking, not taking exercise, being overweight, having high cholesterol or high blood pressure can also increase diabetic foot ulcer.
How you can prevent diabetic foot ulcer?
There are some major preventions of diabetic foot ulcer:
• Keep an eye on your blood sugar level: The first way to prevent diabetic foot ulcer is to manage your blood sugar level under control. Unrestrained glucose is frequently behind neuropathy, which can lead to loss of feeling in the feet and may permit a wound to start unseen. Keeping the normal glucose levels can also lead any wound to start unseen. Keeping the normal glucose levels can also leads any wound on the foot heal at early stage. This can assist you to keep ulcers from growing.
• Pay attention to your feet: It’s really very important to usher daily foot check up if you are having diabetes. Finding as sore at an early stage can go for longer way for preventing major issues. If you can not see the bottom of your feet then you can place a mirror on floor and ask anyone of your family member to see the all sides of feet. And you must check it regularly.
What are the symptoms of diabetic foot ulcer?
The first sign symptom of diabetic foot ulcer is drainage from the foot is drainage from the foot which may spot on your socks or seep out in your shoe. Abnormal swelling, redness, and odours from one or the other feet are noticed as the premature symptom of foot ulcer. The most noticeable symptom of a foot ulcer is black tissue also called eschar neighbouring around the ulcer. This black tissue is formed because of the non-existence of healthy blood flow to the region on all sides of the ulcer. Incomplete or complete gangrene , which leads to tissue death because of infections that is created near the ulcer. In this condition foul smelling discharge, pain and a number of issues can occur. Occasionally, one may not discover symptoms of ulcer till the time it become contaminated. Your general physician can check the solemnness of your ulcer on the scale of 0 to 3 according to the criteria:
0 : no ulcer but foot at risk
1 : ulcer present but no infection
2 : ulcer deep, exposing joints and tendons
3 : extensive ulcers or abscesses from infection
What are the causes of diabetic foot ulcer?
The most common reason of diabetic foot ulcer are:
• Poor circulation
• High blood sugar ( hyperglycemia )
• Nerve damage
• Irritated or wounded feet
Poor blood circulation is kind of vascular disease in which blood did not goes to one’s feet actively. Poor circulation of blood may can lead diabetic foot ulcer. High blood sugar levels can also lead to slow down the curing method of contaminated foot ulcer. Nerve damage is a deep-rooted upshot and can even result to lost of sensation in your feet. Destructed nerves can feel itchy and awful in the beginning.
How diabetic foot ulcer is treated?
Representative wound care of a diabetic foot ulcer is debridement. Firstly your ulcer may can be healed itself by the body. If it would not be healed itself so the doctor will apply a dressing to the gash you will need to change the dressing regularly. You also need to offload the wound. Regular pressure on the wound will only lead to worsen it. For this you need to wear a cast, surgical shoe or boot according to the condition of your wound. If your ulcer would not recover in four weeks you may have bone infection then your general doctor will recommend you some advanced therapies some of them are
• Living cellular skin substitute
• Hyperbaric oxygen therapy ( breathing pure oxygen in pressurized room) to further heal the wound