Why are varicose veins dangerous

Why are varicose veins dangerous

Varicose veins is a very common vascular disease but many people are not aware of this. So, Want to know why are varicose veins dangerous and how to cure it?

Varicose vein is a disease related to blood vessels which carry blood back from the leg to the heart. It can occur on any vein of the body but mostly occur in the veins of the legs and thighs. It is common in both males and females but women are more prone to this disease as compared to men. It may run in families.

Symptoms of varicose veins

  • Veins will appear dark blue or purple in color
  • Veins will appear Twisted & bulging

Varicose veins might not be visible but can cause

  • Swelling
  • Numbness
  • Tingling sensation
  • Aching
  • Heavy feeling in the leg
  • Burning
  • Throbbing
  • Muscle cramping
  • Itching
  • Skin discoloration around veins

Varicose veins are not considered as a serious medical condition but untreated varicose veins can create more serious problems and the victim can be in big trouble.

Why varicose veins are dangerous?

Most people think that varicose veins are not dangerous but let me be very clear, any health-related issue, if left untreated, it worsens day by day. If you think that varicose veins will not have any impact on your overall health, then I must burst your bubble because it’s a myth.  Varicose veins can create many serious issues apart from unbearable pain and discomfort. It increases the chances of blood clots and also puts you at risk of developing skin conditions like dermatitis. In severe conditions, varicose veins can make you prone to deep veins thrombosis. Rarely, the blood clots may become loose and make their way towards the lungs where they may interrupt the flow of blood and strain the heart. This is a potential life threatening condition. That’s the reason varicose veins are dangerous.

Untreated varicose veins

Want to know the consequences of untreated varicose veins? Here, we’ll discuss if varicose veins are left untreated, what can be happen

Hyperpigmentation

Hyperpigmentation is a skin discoloration. If varicose veins not treated on time it can cause excessive blood leaking into the tissues of legs and the person will suffer from unbearable pain, swelling and hyperpigmentation condition. This hyperpigmentation is usually long term/permanent and, most commonly, is not reduced with surgery. 

Lipodermatosclerosis

The term Lipodermosclerosis is used to define the heaviness, stiffening, and hardening of leg tissues. If varicose veins are left untreated for a longer period of time then it makes the leg tissues heavy and firm and it becomes difficult for the patient to move the legs and relax.

Venous leg ulcer

A Venous leg ulcer is a long-lasting sore on your leg which takes a lot of time (more than 4-6 weeks) to heal. This condition mostly develops in those who left varicose veins untreated or may have previous leg injuries or obese or those who have blood circulation problems like blood clots or phlebitis. Patients have come to me with untreated varicose veins and non healing leg ulcers since upto 20 years even.

Deep vein thrombosis

Deep vein thrombosis is a very serious condition. Varicose veins predispose to development of deep vein thrombosis for which, treatment may be required for months. A person who is suffering from deep vein thrombosis condition needs to seek help from a board-certified and experienced vascular surgeon.

Excessive bleeding

Practically, what I have seen in my practice is that, patients with big varicose veins come occasionally in emergency with severe bleeding from the veins because of minor trauma eg hit on the edge of the bed while walking. In these cases, leg should be elevated and pressure should be applied. However, because of lack of information regarding management of such bleeding, people lose huge amounts of blood occasionally and present to the emergency in hospital. Such patients need treatment of varicose veins because these episodes can be repetitive with huge loss of blood and can lead to non healing ulcers.

Treatment of varicose veins

There is another myth that exists regarding varicose veins that is, varicose veins could be cured only through a surgical procedure. It is absolutely a big myth. There are numerous treatment options are available for varicose veins.

Venaseal procedure (Glue)

This procedure is very effective, in Venaseal procedure a medical adhesive is used to close the veins and it makes more comfortable for the patients. The benefit of this procedure is that the patient can resume his regular activities immediately or just a day after the procedure.

Radiofrequency Ablation (RFA) / Laser

In this mode of treatment, doctors use heat to damage the tissues. In this procedure, the heat is created from RF(Radio Frequency)/laser. The entire procedure may take 1-3 hours and the best thing is you can go home immediately after the procedure.

Ambulatory Phlebectomy

It’s a procedure of removal of visible varicose veins. In this procedure, tiny incisions (1mm) are used to make cuts in the skin to remove varicose veins through the cuts and there are no stitches required in the Ambulatory phlebectomy procedure.

Sclerotherapy

In this procedure, only minor injections are used to treat varicose veins. In Sclerotherapy doctors used minor injections to inject medicine(a salt solution) into blood vessels and that medicine caused the veins to shrink or collapse and the collapsed veins are reabsorbed and eventually fades.

Different treatment options should be combined for different patients

Various treatment procedures should be combined for different patients depending upon the severity of their symptoms, their age, comorbidities (Diabetes, hypertension) and their individual preference.

Various treatment options are available for varicose veins so, don’t neglect this condition and seek medical help as soon as you come to know about this condition.

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